Krzysztof Onak > Papers > Circular Partitions with Applications to Visualization and Embeddings

Circular Partitions with Applications to Visualization and Embeddings

Authors: Krzysztof Onak, Anastasios Sidiropoulos
Conference: The 24th Annual Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2008).

Comment: Full version of our paper is available here.

Abstract: We introduce a hierarchical partitioning scheme of the Euclidean plane, called circular partitions. Such a partition consists of a hierarchy of convex polygons, each having small aspect ratio, and satisfying specified volume constrains. We apply these partitions to obtain a natural extension of the popular Treemap visualization method. Our proposed algorithm is not constrained in using only rectangles, and can achieve provably better guarantees on the aspect ratio of the constructed polygons.

Under relaxed conditions, we can also construct circular partitions in higher-dimensional spaces. We can use these relaxed partitions to obtain improved approximation algorithms for embedding ultrametrics into $d$-dimensional Euclidean space. In particular, we give a $\operatorname{polylog}(\Delta)$-approximation algorithm for embedding $n$-point ultrametrics into the $\mathbb R^d$ with minimum distortion ($\Delta$ denotes the spread of the metric). The previously best-known approximation ratio for this problem was polynomial in $n$ (Badoiu et al. SOCG 2006). This is the first algorithm for embedding a non-trivial family of weighted graph metrics into a space of constant dimension that achieves a polylogarithmic approximation ratio.

two sample treemaps

Paper: [PDF] [PS]
BibTeX: [DBLP]
Nice example: [JPG]
Related webpage: History of treemaps